John Monckton (1695-1751)


The First member of the Monckton family to receive the title of Viscount Galway was John Monckton. Two of his ancestors had proved themselves to be loyalists for the crown, so it is not surprisng that the Monckton family were eventually rewarded.

Sir Philip Monckton, John Monckton's grandfather, was a loyalist to Charles I during the English Civil War (1643-1651), fighting against the forces of Oliver Cromwell. Despite being banished twice after Cromwell's victory, Sir Philip attempted lead an uprising in London. He was caught and held prisoner for ten months, released only after Cromwell's death. He allied himself with Charles II during the Restoration of the British Crown, but their relationship grew strained and Sir Philip was jailed in the Tower of London in 1676. He died soon after his release in 1678.

John Monckton's father, Robert Monckton, wanted a restoration of laws and liberties which many thought had eroded during the reign of James II (1685-1688). He went to Holland to ally himself with William III. When William came to England and became King, Robert was appointed Commissioner of Trade and Plantations.

In 1725, before he became Viscount Galway, John Monckton purchased Serlby Hall, in Nottinghamshire, which is located in North Central England. He married Lady Elizabeth Manners. In 1727 John Monckton became the fourth Viscount Galway, and Baron Killard of County Clare. During his lifetime he represented Clitheroe, in Lancashire, and Pontefract, in Yorkshire, in the British Parliament. He also served as the Surveyor General of Woods and Forests in England and Wales, and as a Commissioner of His Majesty's revenues in Ireland.

John Monckton, the first Monckton Viscount Galway and Baron Killard.